Lighting Operation and Control

 Creative Commons image film set by Alex Lang
Creative Commons image film set by Alex Lang

“People tend to obsess over cameras and lenses, but what they think is a good a camera or a good lens actually is just good lighting.” – Director of Photography William Hellmuth from article at Videomaker.com.

Goal

  • Understand and use common lighting techniques

Light Temperature in Kelvin

Temperature Source
1700 K Match flame, low pressure sodium lamps (LPS/SOX)
1850 K Candle flame, sunset/sunrise
2400 K Standard incandescent lamps
2550 K Soft white incandescent lamps
2700 K “Soft white” compact fluorescent and LED lamps
3000 K Warm white compact fluorescent and LED lamps
3200 K Studio lamps, photofloods, etc.
3350 K Studio “CP” light
4100 – 4150 K Moonlight[2]
5000 K Horizon daylight
5000 K Tubular fluorescent lamps or cool white/ daylightcompact fluorescent lamps (CFL)
5500  K CHS LED Lights
5500 – 6000 K Vertical daylight, electronic flash
6200 K Xenon short-arc lamp[3]
6500 K Daylight, overcast
6500 – 9500 K LCD or CRT screen
15,000 – 27,000 K Clear blue poleward sky
These temperatures are merely characteristic;
considerable variation may be present.

– Color temperature chart from Wikipedia

Standards, Terms, and Concepts

  • Learn terms and concepts and demonstrate basic light

Product

  • Blog post with embedded video from YouTube of the various lighting techniques demonstrated and explained

Examples

  • Coming soon…

Steps

  1. Watch trailer for Hugo (2011) – Won Oscar for Best Cinematography
    • Check out the lighting
  2. Create blog post titled, Lighting Operation and Control
    • Create headings for:
      • Summary
      • Terms and Concepts
        • CREATING DIMENSION
        • THE PROPERTIES OF LIGHT
        • ADDITIVE AND SUBTRACTIVE LIGHT
        • CONTRAST AND LIGHTING RATIOS
        • DIRECT AND INDIRECT LIGHT
        • THREE-POINT LIGHTING
        • CONTROLLING LIGHT
        • LIGHT SOURCES
      • Timeline
      • Pre-production
      • Production
      • Post-production
      • Project Skills Evidence (Film)
      • What I Learned and Problems I Solved
  3. Copy and paste the Light Temperature in Kelvin chart under your terms and concepts heading with the Wikipedia citation
  4. Read Basic Scene Lighting examples (PDF)
  5. Copy and paste Light Temperature in Kelvin, detailed above
  6. Enjoy Ten Lighting Setups (6:16)
  7. Watch and take notes from Looking at Movies – Lighting (9:35)
  8. Watch and add to your notes from Lighting 101: Quality of Light – RocketJump Film School (7:24)
  9. Watch and add to your notes from Lighting 101: Direction of Light – RocketJump Film School (6:35)
  10. Watch and add to your notes from Lighting – Storytelling with Cinematography – DSLRguide (10:40)
  11. Watch and add to your notes from Filmmaking 101 – Three Point Lighting Tutorial – DiCasaFilm (10:18)
  12. Watch and add to your notes from The Slanted Lens – Laws of Light: Three Objects
  13. Watch and add to your notes from 20 Lighting Tutorials for Film and Video – FilmMakerIQ
  14. Watch and add to your notes from White Balance & Kelvin Color temp explained (7:37)
  15. Watch and add to your notes from Filmmaking: Color temperature & Kelvins Explained (3:39)
  16. Write a script for your documentary film about basic lighting operations include all terms and concepts to be included in your short film
    • The point of the film is to demonstrate what you have learned about basic lighting operations as a reference for yourself in your blog
  17. Storyboard each shot
    • Storyboard template
  18. Block each shot
  19. Create the shot list for the project
  20. Create an equipment list
  21. Practice each shot, update script, as needed
  22. Gather equipment; camera, lens, shotgun mic, lights, bounce, diffuser, etc.
  23. Create a shot log
  24. Shoot each scene
  25. Catalog shots
  26. Edit shots in either YouTube Video, iMovie, or Adobe Premiere editors

ToolsLight Settings Screenshot

Resources

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