Lighting Operation and Control

 Creative Commons image film set by Alex Lang
Creative Commons image film set by Alex Lang

Goal

  • Understand and use common lighting techniques

Light Temperature in Kelvin

Temperature Source
1700 K Match flame, low pressure sodium lamps (LPS/SOX)
1850 K Candle flame, sunset/sunrise
2400 K Standard incandescent lamps
2550 K Soft white incandescent lamps
2700 K “Soft white” compact fluorescent and LED lamps
3000 K Warm white compact fluorescent and LED lamps
3200 K Studio lamps, photofloods, etc.
3350 K Studio “CP” light
4100 – 4150 K Moonlight[2]
5000 K Horizon daylight
5000 K Tubular fluorescent lamps or cool white/ daylightcompact fluorescent lamps (CFL)
5500  K CHS LED Lights
5500 – 6000 K Vertical daylight, electronic flash
6200 K Xenon short-arc lamp[3]
6500 K Daylight, overcast
6500 – 9500 K LCD or CRT screen
15,000 – 27,000 K Clear blue poleward sky
These temperatures are merely characteristic;
considerable variation may be present.

– Color temperature chart from Wikipedia

Standards, Terms, and Concepts

  • Demonstrate size and distance of the light from the subject creates the type of light and shadow
  • Define:
    • Three point lighting
      1. Key light
      2. Fill light
      3. Back / Kicker / Hair light
    • Naturalism and Pictorialism
    • Ambient light
    • High-key
    • Low-key
    • Properties of Light
      • Intensity
      • Color
      • Quality
      • Angle
    • Additive and Subtractive light
    • Contrast and Lighting Ratios
      • Modeling
      • Stops
      • Key side
      • Fill side
      • Contrast Ratio
    • Direct light
    • Hard light
    • Indirect light
    • Soft light
    • Defined shadows
    • Softer edge shadows
    • Light temperature in kelvin
      • Daily light:
        • Morning / evening sun
        • Mid-day sun
        • Overcast
      • LCD screen
      • Florescent
      • Moonlight
      • Tungsten
      • LED light
      • Standard incandescent light bulb
      • Candle light
      • Match light
    • Diffusion
    • Specular highlight
    • Soft box
    • Bounce, bounce card, reflector
    • Ceiling bounce
    • Front light bounce
    • Barn doors
    • Gelatin filters

Product

  • Blog post with embedded video from YouTube of the various lighting techniques demonstrated and explained

Examples

  • Coming soon…

Steps

  1. Watch trailer for Hugo (2011) – Won Oscar for Best Cinematography
    • Check out the lighting
  2. Create blog post titled, Lighting Operation and Control
    • Create headings for:
      • Summary
      • Terms and Concepts
      • Timeline
      • Project Skills Evidence
      • What I Learned
  3. Examine lighting terms  – Paul C. Buff
  4. Read and take notes Lighting – KODAK Motion Picture Film (PDF)
  5. Examine Basic Scene Lighting examples (PDF)
  6. Watch Lighting – Storytelling with Cinematography – DSLRguide (10:40)
  7. Watch and take notes from Filmmaking 101 – Three Point Lighting Tutorial – DiCasaFilm (10:18)
  8. Watch and take notes from 20 Lighting Tutorials for Film and Video – FilmMakerIQ
  9. Watch and take notes from Lighting 101: Quality of Light – RocketJump Film School (7:24)
  10. Watch and take notes from Bounce Lighting 101 | Cinematography Lighting Techniques and Tips – Cinematography Database (7:02)
  11. Write a script for your documentary film about basic lighting operations include all terms and concepts to be included in your short film
    • The point of the film is to demonstrate what you have learned about basic lighting operations as a reference for yourself in your blog
  12. Storyboard each shot
  13. Block each shot
  14. Create the shot list for the project
  15. Create an equipment list
  16. Practice each shot, update script, as needed
  17. Gather equipment; camera, lens, shotgun mic, lights, bounce, diffuser, etc.
  18. Create a shot log
  19. Shoot each scene
  20. Catalog shots
  21. Edit shots in either YouTube Video, iMovie, or Adobe Premiere editors

ToolsLight Settings Screenshot

Resources


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