Microphones and Recording Basics

Creative Commons image from Flickr by Roadside Guitars

Goal

  • Research and learn about microphone terms and concepts in a media production and audition numerous microphones for sound characteristics.

Terms and Concepts

Product

  • Create a blog post with embedded media from YouTube, SoundCloud, Slideshare, and/or Flickr

Examples

Steps

  • Day 1 – Learn about Microphone Audition, Create Blog Post and Define Terms
    • Review the microphone audition script (PDF)
    • Create blog post titled, Microphones and Recording Project
    • Create headings
      • Summary
      • Microphone Audition Podcast
      • My Favorite Microphone Specifications (PLACE MIC. NAME LATER)
      • Terms and Concepts
      • What I Learned
    • Copy and paste terms under the Terms and Concepts heading
      • Dynamic Mic.
      • Condenser Mic.
      • Omni pattern
      • Cardioid pattern
      • Bi-directional pattern
      • Transduction
      • Voltage
      • Phantom Power
      • Sensitivity Freq. Response
      • Transient
      • Placement
      • Proximity Effect
      • Output
      • Characteristics
      • Noise Rating
      • Mic. Clip
      • Mic. Stand
      • Windscreen/Pop Filter
      • Direct Box
    • Define terms
  • Day 2-4 – Refine Terms, Train for your team role Sound Safari Team Roles, and Record Audio
    • Finish definitions
    • Introduce the Microphone Auditions
    • Assign team roles and prepare for your role
      • Recorder/Technician: Learn how to use the field recording microphone and the digital camera for recording
      • Director/Producer: Learn the script and the steps, organize paperwork, guide team, check off tasks as you complete them
      • Sound File Manager: Download the sound files off the equipment and organize for team
    • Review the microphone audition script (PDF)
    • Record using the the Zoom H4n audio deck
    • Record using the Canon T3i and Rode VideoMicro shotgun mic
    • Record microphones with Mr. Le Duc in the Sound Room
      • Mr. Le Duc will place your mp3 recording in the class shared folder on the Newton server
    • Record the introduction and summary with your own device
    • Review Audacity or GarageBand tutorials
  • Day 5 – Test a Microphone and Cables with a Multimeter
  • Day 6 Through Second to Last Day of the Project
    • Edit the mp3 that Mr. Le Duc recorded of the microphones in the sound room with the recordings from the Zoom H4n, T3i, Rode VideoMicro, and recordings you made for the introduction and summary on your own device
      • Set the volume levels for each recording so that one is not louder than the others, so they sound even
      • Edit out extra long “dead space” in between the separate recordings, but you should have a short gap of maybe a 1/2 second between microphone recordings
      • Remove the noise or hum in between the recordings
    • Under the Microphone Auditions Podcast heading
      • Include the embedded the finish microphone audition podcast from SoundCloud
    • Under the My Favorite Microphone Specifications: The (PLACE MIC NAME HERE) heading copy and paste the following list and write in the specifications for your favorite microphone
      • Sensitivity – sound pressure level (SPL)
      • Impedance (measured in ohms or Ω)
      • Voltage (measured in milli-volts or mV)
      • Pick up pattern (polar pattern)  —> Embed a picture from here
      • Self Noise level (measured in dB)
      • Frequency response (measured in hertz or Hz)
      • Transient response (either high or low or fast or slow)
        • Hint: is the mic a dynamic or condenser?
    • Review teachmeaudio.com and recordinghacks.com
      • You will need information from these sites for the microphone specifications
    • Create What I Learned heading
      • Explain what you learned and at least one problem you overcame
    • Publish the post
  • Last Day
    • Present project

Tools

  • Quizlet for the Microphone Basics terms
  • SoundCloud
  • Flickr
  • GarageBand
  • Audacity
  • Microphone Hardware
    • Clips
    • Stands
    • Windscreen / Pop filter

Resources

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